I'm not talking about the slang for being shot, I am talking about lead's characteristic as a neurotoxin. Lead is a neurotoxin that is especially damaging to foetuses and young children, although it can harm the brains and nervous systems of adults, as well.
It's not just a neurotoxin,Lead is a powerful neurotoxin that hurts almost all body organs, particularly the kidneys, red blood cells, and central nervous system. In young children, lead retards the development of the central nervous system and brain.Even tiny amounts can cause reduced IQ, reading and learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder and behavioral problems. As a result, childhood lead poisoning is associated with lower educational achievement, higher rates of high school drop-out and increased behavioral problems.
Lead's toxic characterisitcs have been well known for thousands of years. Hippocrates described the case of a metal extraction worker with
abdominal colic .
The metal was used extensively for purposes that ranged from tool
formation in ancient Egypt to the sweetening of wines in the Middle
Ages. Famously, in 1767 Sir George Baker demonstrated that Devonshire
colic was caused by lead in the production equipment of Devonshire cider .
In the 19th century lead poisoning was classified as a notifiable
occupational disease in Britain, though the necessity of reducing
workers' exposure was fully appreciated only in the latter half of the
20th century. Lead Paint It was banned in France and many other countries prior to 1920. Lead was banned in U.S. residential paint in 1978.
Lead dust is invisible, so tiny in fact that it passes through most masks & filters. You can not see or smell lead, and often, you can not taste it.
Lead shot and lead weight can severely affect individual organisms and threaten ecosystems (WHO 1989). After three to ten days of waterfowl ingesting lead shot, the poison will reach the bloodstream and be carried to major organs, like the heart, liver and kidneys. By the 17th to 21st day the bird falls into a coma and dies. Following the ingestion of lead shot, lead toxicosis has been observed in Magpie geese, Black swans, several species of duck (including Black duck and Musk duck) and Hardhead species (OECD 1993). We have also seen that it is effecting the California Condor population.
Children with blood lead levels higher than 5 micrograms per deciliter were also significantly more likely to exhibit
and hyperactivity than children with lower lead levels. Children with
levels above 10 micrograms per deciliter scored even worse on
hyperactivity, antisocial and educational performance tests than children in the 5 to 10 microgram per deciliter group.